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Author: R. Blakemore,R. Frankel
ISBN13: 978-0306437182
Title: Iron Biominerals
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ePUB size: 1443 kb
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Language: English
Category: Biological Sciences
Publisher: Springer; 1 edition (March 31, 1991)
Pages: 444

Iron Biominerals by R. Blakemore,R. Frankel

Main Iron Biominerals. Richard B. Frankel (auth. Frankel, Richard P. Blakemore (ed. Year: 1991.

California Polytechnic State University San Luis Obispo, California. and. Richard P. Blakemore. University of New Hampshire Durham, New Hampshire. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, microfilming, recording, or otherwise, without written permission from the Publisher. Inorganic solid state phases are as integral to organisms as aqueous phase chemical reactions. Over 60 different biologically produced minerals are presently known.

In Iron Biomineralization three general articles regarding iron biominerals, biominerals and homeostasis, and crystallochemical control of iron oxide biomineralization introduce useful concepts and information which will be developed in most of the following contributions. The section Biological Iron Oxides contains many reports about magnetotactic bacteria and iron biomineralization processes in bacteria and invertebrates.

Blakemore (Plenum Press, NY, 1991) pp. 307-313. Papaefthymiou, and . Watt: Variation of Superparamagnetic Properties with Iron Loading in Mammalian Ferritin. Hyperfine Interactions 66, 71-82 (1991). Papaefthymiou: Fe2+ and Phosphate Interactions in Bacterial Ferritin from Azotobacter vinelandii.

Iron Biominerals (Plenum Press, New York, 1990). 7. D. L. Balkwill, D. Maratea, and R. P. Blakemore, J. Bacteriol. 8. R. B. Frankel, R. Blakemore, and R. S. Wolfe, Science 203, (1979) 1355. 9. K. M. Towe, and T. T. Moench, Earth Planet. Torres de Araujo, . Esquivel, and J. Danon: Magnetotactic Bacteria at the Geomagnetic Equator. Science 212, 1269-1270 (1981). Blakemore and R. Frankel: Magnetic Navigation in Bacteria. Scientific American 245, Vol. 6, 58-65 (1981).

S. Heath and A. Powell, Angew. Mann and R. Frankel, Biomineralization. Chemical and Biological Perspectives.

Iron biominerals are formed by a broad host of organisms, in which they serve various functions. For example, iron oxides formed by organisms serve for strengthening of tissues1 and hardening of teeth. 2 Iron biominerals are also associated with iron overload diseases and involved in intracellular iron storage and detoxication and sensing of magnetic elds,3-6 and crystals of magnetic iron minerals have been found even in the human brain. 1) Frankel, R. Blakemore, R. Iron Biominerals; Plenum Press: New York and London, 1991. 2) Lowenstam, H. A. Science 1967, 156, 1373. 3) Lohmann, K. Lohmann, C. F. Nature 1996, 380, 59.

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Iron biominerals are known to occur in many organisms. This is due, perhaps, to the importance of iron in many metabolic processes. The discovery of a very simple magnetotactic response in a certain species of bacteria is very interesting and important 12. Iron Biominerals, Frankel, R. Eds; Plenum: New York, 1991, pp 435. 13. "Magnetotactic bacteria," Science 1975, 190, 377-79. 14. Mann, . Moench, T. William, R. I. "A high resolution electron microscopic investigation of bacterial magnetite. Implication for crystal growth," Proc.

Blakemore, Ed. Iron biominerals, p. 239–255. Plenum Press, New York. and Frankel, . 1993a) Fe3O4 and Fe3S4 in a bacterium. Nature, 366, 218. Bazylinski, . Abedi, . 1993b) Copper association with iron sulde magnetosomes in a magnetotactic bacterium. Archives of Microbiology, 160, 35–42. 1994) Electron microscopic studies of magnetosomes in magnetotactic bacteria. 1997) Bacterial magnetite and Fe suldes. Annual Meet-ing of the Geological Society of America, Abstracts, A 129. Salt Lake City, Utah.

Proceedings of the first Iron Biominerals Conference held July 1989, at the U. of New Hampshire. Biochemists, microbiologists, inorganic chemists, biophysicists, and geophysicists discuss potential applications of iron biominerals in medicine, catalysis, and electronics as well as insights into plan