rural development that emerges slowly but persistently in both policy and. practice. Nevertheless, we believe a paradigm shift is also taking place at the level of. associated theory. 400 Van der Ploeg et al. Exploring the ‘new,’ reconsidering the ‘old’. Entwined in rural development discourse is a reconsideration of the multiple and. heterogeneous realities of the European countryside. Many of these realities have.
Keywords: Rural development, policy, development practice, Ghana. Rural areas have been a field of development experiments in the developing world. Bureaucrats are in theory independent of the ruling elites but in practice, they are clients because, in Ghana as in most developing countries, they owe their positions to the ruling class. These two elements of the development process are the most potent force. Collusion between them is the most effective force for development.
This book asks such questions of international aid, in particular of British aid for rural development in India; and does so by examining the ten-year experience of one project as it falls under different policy regimes. Recently the critical eye has turned on policy which labels itself participatory, bottom-up or even indigenous (. Chambers 1983, 1997, Chambers et al. 1989), which does not reverse or modify development’s hegemony so much as provide more effective instruments with which to extend technocratic control or advance external interests and agendas while further concealing the agency.
This book aims to distil much of what I have learned in the past 15 years or so about the local promotion of rural development in Britain, Ireland and continental Europe. During those 15 years, frequent contact with policy-makers and practitioners engaged in rural development, with unpaid activists working at the local level and with a variety of students, some of them already with a foot in the world of practice, persuaded me of the need for a concise text on the challenge of undertaking locally focused rural development. Cherrett, T. (2000) The extensive survey in the UK’, in Esparcia, . t al. (2000) op. ci. 153–78. Keane, M. (1998) ‘Rural and local development in Ireland: exploring the theory-practice interface’. Regional Studies, 31: 173–7. 1994; EU LEADER Initiative in Ireland: Evaluation and Recommendations.
Policy issues and challenges facing entrepreneurship development in rural areas. Rural distinctiveness. A key question running through the chapter is the extent to which rural locations are distinctive from urban locations, from an entrepreneurship perspective. In this regard, some authors have referred to an identifiable culture associated with rural locations in the US that may influence business practice and entrepreneurship (Westhead and Wright, 1998).
In sum, this is a rural community development painting by numbers in the hands of an old master, well worth around £20 of investment' - The Rural Digest.
The case for integrated rural development was made persuasively by Johnston and Clark (1982), but has proved elusive in practice, although re-emerging in recent times in a sustainable livelihoods guise (Carney, 1998). Overseas Development Institute, 2001. Published by Blackwell Publishers, Oxford OX4 1JF, UK and 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA. 438 Frank Ellis and Stephen Biggs. A rural development timeline. Figure 1 uses the device of a timeline to list a great number of theories, themes and policy thrusts that have been influential in rural development thinking since the 1950s
This concept as a development approach was created as an alternative to the practice of central authorities in designing interventions which deal with sectors of social and economic life in isolation from each other and/or which assume that socio-economic problems can be solved by standard measures, regardless of location or culture.
Trophy hunting has potential to support conservation financing and contribute towards rural development.
In certain respects, past policy perceptions and practice have often equated rural development with agriculture, and rural development policies have been subsumed under an agricultural policy package. Agriculture was in practice condemned mainly by two separate schools of thought. The structuralist school (particularly strong in Latin America) provided arguments against agriculture.