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Anyone with any interest in the history of early civilizations, particularly in the Western Hemisphere should read this book. 51 people found this helpful. They began their explorations together in 1839, discovering for themselves mysteries of the Maya civilization. The book is rich with Catherwood’s drawings and Carlsen’s photographs, enhancing the perfectly paced text. I read past my bedtime!
The Age of Discovery and later European exploration allowed the global mapping of the world, resulting in a new worldview and distant civilizations coming into contact, but also led to the propagation of diseases that decimated populations not previously in contact with Eurasia and Africa and to the enslavement, exploitation, military conquest and economic dominance by Europe and its colonies over native populations. Although the Mongols had threatened Europe with pillage and destruction, Mongol states also unified much of Eurasia and, from 1206 on, the Pax Mongolica allowed safe trade routes and communication lines stretching from the Middle East to China. A series of Europeans took advantage of these to explore eastwards.
They range from the discovery of Roman relics in Arizona and California's Chinese treasure, to Viking rune-stones in Minnesota and Oklahoma and the mysterious religions of ancient Americans. What prehistoric technologies have been discovered, and what can they tell us about early settlers, their religious beliefs, and possible other-worldly visitors? Did El Dorado exist, and what of the legendary Fountain of Youth? Was Atlantis in Cuba? What are AmericaвЂ™s lost races and what happened to them? Discovering the Mysteries of Ancient America brings to the fore the once-hidden true past of AmericaвЂ™s earliest civilizations.
The Sumerians, The First Civilization. Origins and Background. Early civilizations: Sumerians. Social Factors: The crop surplus provoked specialization of individuals. It was no longer necessary for everyone to cultivate their own food. In addition, it instated a series of laws that protected the less-favored population from abuses. It is also worth highlighting the preference of fines that opposed the widespread eye for an eye of the condemned. This removed power from the priests of the temple.
The civilizations were Europe’s first literate societies and were the cultural ancestors of later Classical Greece. The Minoan civilization existed from around 2600 to 1100 . and the Mycenaeans existed from around 1700 to 1050 . The Minoans have long puzzled historians. The civilization created the first European writing system and built vast palace complexes with vibrant art, but seemed to spring up in isolation, experts said.
Understanding Early Civilizations. This book offers the first detailed comparative study of the seven best-documented early civilizations: ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, Shang China, the Aztecs and adjacent peoples in the Valley of Mexico, the Classic Maya, the Inka, and the Yoruba. Unlike previous studies, equal attention is paid to similarities and differences in their sociopolitical organization, economic systems, religion, and culture. Many of this study's findings are surprising and provocative. Agricultural systems, technologies, and economic behaviour turn out to have been far more diverse than was expected. Urbanisation in Early Historic India. British Archaeological Reports International Series 430. Evans-Pritchard, E. E. 1962. Anthropology and History’, in Essays in Social Anthropology, pp. 46–65.
Start by marking Early Civilizations: Universal History of the World (Volume 1) as Want to Read: Want to Read savin. ant to Read. Early Civilizations: Universal History of the World (Volume 1). by.
5 Discovery of the world. Map . Geography of Eurasia xvi Map . Early River Valley Civilizations 5 Map . Chinese and Roman Empires Juxtaposed 12 Map . The Islamic Lands, 750 AD 16 Map . Mongol Empire at the Death of Genghis Khan, 1227 22 Map . Coastline and Major Water Routes of Europe 25 Map . Europe, circa 1350.