|Title:||Singular Visions: Long Island Folk Art from the Late 18th Century to the Present|
|Format:||lrf lrf docx rtf|
|ePUB size:||1324 kb|
|FB2 size:||1356 kb|
|DJVU size:||1735 kb|
|Category:||Mythology and Folk Tales|
|Publisher:||Guild Hall Museum (June 1, 1985)|
ISBN 13: 9780933793002. Publication Date: 6/1/1985. Help your friends save money!
Catherine was an avid art collector patronizing both Russian artists and collecting foreign masterpieces including works by Van Dyke, Raphael, Rembrandt, and Rubens. Her collection grew to include 4000 works that were displayed in the Winter Palace, now home to the State Hermitage Museum. Under her guidance, St. Petersburg became Russia’s window on the West. For the first time Russians were completely involved in the intellectual trends of Europe. Russians, not only aristocrats, but artists and architects as well, traveled the continent absorbing the culture of the period
The early 18th century was skeptical and worldly. Not only was the office of the monarch stripped of its traditional divine significance, but the very idea of any divine influence of human affairs was generally rejected. This was the age of satire and mock-heroics in literature. Hogarth was actually sensitive to the categorical deprecation of comic art, and with his friend Henry Fielding set about a campaign to raise its standing.
The Decadents of the late 19th century and the Modernists of the early 20th looked to continental European individuals and movements for inspiration. Nor was attraction toward European intellectualism dead in the late 20th century, for by the mid-1980s the approach known as structuralism, a phenomenon predominantly French and German in origin, infused the very study of English literature itself in a host of published critical studies and university departments. On the other hand, during the same period in the 20th century, many notable practitioners of English literature left the British Isles to live abroad: James Joyce, . Lawrence, Aldous Huxley, Christopher Isherwood, Robert Graves, Graham Greene, Muriel Spark, and Anthony Burgess. A translation of one of Aldhelm’s riddles is found not only in the Exeter Book but also in an early 9th-century manuscript at Leiden, Neth.
A considerable pre-history lies behind present-day folk art. For millennia artists have admired the primitive and appropriated the vernacular. The modern conception of history in which the past is conceived of as different and removed from the present developed during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Simultaneously came the discovery of "folk" and ensuing attempts to record it, in fairy tales, samplers, or painted furniture.
A category for any work of art created during the 18th century, which witnessed two of the most influential periods of the modern age: the Enlightenment and the French Revolution. In Western art history, the movements most often associated with the 18th century include the Rococo and Neoclassicism, while the artists most often associated with the period are Jean-Honoré Fragonard, Jean-Antoine Watteau, and Jacques-Louis David.
During the 18th century towns in Britain grew larger. Nevertheless most towns still had populations of less than 10,000. Meanwhile the population of London grew to nearly 1 million by the end of the century. Other Georgian towns were much smaller. The population of Liverpool was about 77,000 in 1800. In London pleasure gardens were created. Moreover a kind of cricket was played long before the 18th century but at that time it took on its modern form. The first cricket club was formed at Hambledon in Hampshire about 1750. Also in the 18th century rich people visited spas. They believed that bathing in and/or drinking spa water could cure illness. Towns like Buxton, Bath and Tunbridge prospered. At the end of the 18th century wealthy people began to spend time at the seaside.
The 18th century lasted from January 1, 1701 to December 31, 1800 in the Gregorian calendar. During the 18th century, elements of Enlightenment thinking culminated in the American, French, and Haitian revolutions. This was an age of violent slave trading, and global human trafficking. The reactions against monarchical and aristocratic power helped fuel the revolutionary responses against it throughout the century.