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Nuclear War. by Laurence Pringle. Select Format: Library Binding. Format:Library Binding. ISBN13:9780894901065. Release Date:July 1986.
After the nuclear attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the United States maintained that while the weapons had produced radiation, this was inconsequential since those close enough to be affected by radiation would have been killed by the blast or heat of the explosion. Robert Jacobs, Mick Broderick, Nuke York, New York: Nuclear Holocaust in the American Imagination from Hiroshima to 9/11. 44 Peter Pringle and William Arkin, SIOP: The Secret . Plan for Nuclear War (New York: . Norton, 1983); Lawrence Freedman, The Evolution of Nuclear Strategy (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1981): 245. 45 Counsels of War, p. 138.
A nuclear event that could be catastrophic for the whole world wouldn't require the unlikely scenario of all the world's nuclear powers unleashing their firepower at once, according to a 2014 study published in an American Geophysical Union journal. In fact, that study found that a "limited, regional nuclear war" using 100 "small nuclear weapons" - such as the bomb dropped on Hiroshima - could cause a decades-long nuclear winter . AP Photo/James Pringle.
It is speculated that the resulting cooling would lead to widespread crop failure and famine
Some say that, if war happens, a nuclear winter is a certainty that will devastate agriculture and kill billions; some say that it's greatly overstated or even outright made-up by anti-nuke activists. Does the prospect of a nuclear winter truly constitute one more reason why nuclear arsenals should be dismantled? Our purpose today is not to explore the myriad other implications of nuclear war, or to otherwise prove that it's a bad thing. That's pretty clear . In 1986, Joyce Penner from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory published an article in the journal Nature in which she pointed out that this specific variable is responsible for determining whether the effects will be minor or massive. She also found that the published estimates of this varied widely.
A view of the immediate and long-term consequences of a hypothetical nuclear war is presented. Contents: Scenario development. Intermediate and long-term consequences. Summary of consequences.
Nuclear winter would cause average global surface temperatures to become colder than they were at the height of the last Ice Age. Such extreme cold would eliminate growing seasons for many years, probably for a decade or longer. Can you imagine a winter that lasts for ten years? The results of such a scenario are obvious
In "The Nuclear Winter" (1983), Sagan explored the unforeseen and devastating physical and chemical effects of even a small-scale nuclear war on the earth's biosphere and life on earth. Except for fools and madmen, everyone knows that nuclear war would he an unprecedented human catastrophe. A more or less typical strategic warhead has a yield of 2 megatons, the explosive equivalent of 2 million tons of TNT. But 2 million tons of TNT is about the same as all the bombs exploded in World War II - a single bomb with the explosive power of the entire Second World War but compressed.