|Author:||David R Protheroe|
|Title:||Canada and multilateral aid: Working paper : a report prepared as a contribution to a comparative study on donor countries and multilateral development aid by the North-South Institute, Ottawa, Canada|
|Format:||mbr lrf mobi azw|
|ePUB size:||1703 kb|
|FB2 size:||1165 kb|
|DJVU size:||1660 kb|
|Publisher:||North-South Institute (1991)|
Multilateral aid has a vital role to play in responding to global challenges such as food security, climate change, and conflict. We have shaped a complex multilateral system with structures to suit diverse objectives and subject to a kaleidoscope of vested interests. As the major funders of the multilateral system, we have a collective responsibility to ensure its effectiveness for the benefit of our partner countries. J. Brian Atwood, DAC Chair.
What Factors Determine the Allocation of Aid by Arab Countries and Multilateral Agencies? Journal of Development Studies 39 (4):134–47. Delegation to Multilateral Development Banks. Paper presented at the Fourth Annual Conference on the Political Economy of International Organizations, January, Zurich, Switzerland. Schneider, Christina . and Tobin, Jennifer . .
Working Paper 110 THE RHETORIC OF POWER: CONCEPTIONS OF POWER IN THE ACADEMIC POST-COLD WAR JAPANESE FOREIGN POLICY DISCOURSE Linus Hagström, January 2001. Working Paper 109 SOCIAL INSURANCE & POLITICAL REGIME: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL INSURANCE IN KOREA &TAIWAN, 1945-1965 Annette . Working Paper 108 ION VERSUS FACTOR PROPORTION EXPLANATION: THE CASE OF SWEDISH MULTINATIONALS IN THE EU Thomas Mathä, November 2000
This paper explores trends in aid, the motivations for aid, its impacts, and debates about reforming aid. It begins by examining aid magnitudes and who gives and receives ai. Donors also provide aid indirectly as multilateral assistance, which pools resources together from many donors. The major multilateral institutions include the World Bank; the International Monetary Fund; the African, Asian, and Inter-American Development Banks, and various United Nations agencies such as the United Nations Development Programme. 92 percent of GDP in 2004. Saudi Arabia provided aid equivalent to about . 9 percent of its income.
This study provides some comparative perspectives relevant to the discussion of foreign development aid. Back to Top. II. International Cooperation in Providing Foreign Aid. A. Historical Background. The attached reports address various policies and regulatory frameworks that are applied by selected foreign countries and by the European Union in providing foreign development aid. Individual foreign countries surveyed include members as well as nonmembers of the OECD as highlighted in Map 1 (Appendix A). In some cases, specifically those of newly emerging donor countries, surveyed jurisdictions were both donors as well as recipients of ODA. ODA Contribution Amounts
Bilateral versus multilateral aid channels: Strategic choices for donors 5. strengths and weaknesses of each channel. As a former chair of the OECD DAC claims: ‘n many donor countries there is almost a built-in notion (in governments and perhaps still more in legislatures) that ‘bilateral is best’ (OECD, 2015: 82). To date, where concerns about the allocation of aid resources are expressed, they have primarily directed attention to the range of options within each channel, rather than calculated consideration across the bilateral and multilateral spectrum. The analysis concludes by considering multi-bi aid and explores its possible merits as a ‘third way for foreign aid’. The literature indicates that multi-bi aid, rather than steering a course between multilateral and bilateral channels, may be only marginally superior to bilateral channels but considerably worse than multilateral ones.
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Bilateral and multilateral aid are part of the larger ideological debate about the means and the ends of development. The main objective of aid is to promote economic development and welfare of developing countries. There have been many different statistical studies with widely differing results regarding the correlation between aid and economic growth, and therefore, the debate continues. DFID/Creative commons license
Multilateral aid tends to be less tied to the political self-interest of individual donor countries. One criticism of bilateral aid arrangements is that they are often drawn up based on self interest. Major powers who provide international aid have tended to direct their aid to former colonies or countries with which they have significant strategic ties, economic interests or potential markets. Often, aid money must be spent on goods or services from the donor country. This was particularly true during the Cold War, but has now emerged as a practice in the war on terror. Aid that is given multilaterally is therefore much more likely to go to developing countries on the basis of need, and of where it has the most potential for good. Providers of aid, for the very reason that they are spending their own money, should have their interests served by an aid arrangement.
Conversely, multilateral aid (aid transferred by alliances of multiple states) was thought to be more geared toward assisting the South through the development process. The essay concludes that while aid may aggregately benefit the North more than the South at this point in time, progress relating to the political rights variable could extensively alter this balance of aid value. Tied aid, for example, can be seen as a tool to increase effectiveness in a way, as it is contractible.