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Author: Geoff Holland
ISBN13: 978-0646120256
Title: The development of government online information services: A study exploring issues of policy, efficiency, cost and equity
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Language: English
Category: Internet and Social Media
Publisher: Centre for Information Technology Research, University of Wollongong (1991)

The development of government online information services: A study exploring issues of policy, efficiency, cost and equity by Geoff Holland

Economic efficiency is an important consideration for societies that desire more goods and services. Being efficient with resources allows a society to satisfy more needs and wants than if the resources are allocated inefficiently. Economic efficiency is not the only consideration, however. Equity occurs if a society distributes its economic resources fairly among its people. Different opinions about fairness, however, cause people to debate how resources should be allocated and are a primary determinant of political affiliation. When a society chooses to have a government, then citizens pay taxes to generate revenue for the provision of government services. Efficiency and equity are also the two primary criteria used to evaluate tax systems. This is discussed in greater detail in Chapter 10 (Fiscal Policy).

Efficiency is making the best out of scarce resources at the best possible price. When the resources are distributed we will be faced with a trade-off between efficiency and equity. This trade off is a central principle in economics. The best example of trade off between equity and efficiency can be explained with environmental policy of the government. Who gets the most out of exploiting the natural resources and what cost is a policy question that needs to be answered.

increase the efficiency of public investments and public service delivery; (c) strengthen regulation and efficiency of public utilities and sea/air transport; (d) modernize the legal framework that oversees public sector employment; and (e) promote education and skills development to prepare the population, notably the poor, to take advantage of new opportunities in the global environment. This report concludes that during FY1993/94 to FY002/03 the fiscal policy implemented by the government of Dominica was unsustainable and posed a risk to the stability of the currency board arrangement.

This report provides an overview of key findings from our study of how equity is considered in Canadian federal, provincial, and territorial tobacco control (TC). Principal Investigator (PI): Benita Cohen RN, PhD University of Manitoba. Advocate for policy changes to address the social context that contributes to and reinforces tobacco use amongst vulnerable populations, and support the development of advocacy skills within priority populations. Decrease environmental factors that promote tobacco-related health inequity (. targeted tobacco marketing to marginalized populations).

Under IFRS, revenue from barter transactions should be measured based on the fair value of revenue from: similar barter transactions with unrelated parties. CFA 48: Overview of Equity Securities. CFA 47: Market Efficiency 20 terms.

This book is a thorough, balanced, and insightful study of the present status and future direction of health care economics and its far-reaching ramifications. This book and its antecedent, my text Medical Economics, parallel the development of the field of health economics. Our focus has shifted from medicine to health care, and balancing efficiency and quality are now paramount issues for public policy.

It provides more and better information on government goals and priorities, and on how different programmes contribute to achieve these goals. However, the impact of unions on issues of efficiency and effectiveness is unclear. European studies find no relationship, either positive or negative. This section is based primarily on the results of the OECD 2005 questionnaire on performance information (PI)7 and on country case study reports produced by the ministry of finance from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Korea, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States for the 2006 meeting of the Senior Budget Officials Network on Performance and Results. However, performance budgeting is about more than the development of performance information: it is concerned with the use of this information in budget processes and resource allocation.

Should government intervene? Free market economists argue govt intervention is inefficient. Others argue intervention is necessary to overcome market failure, inequality, monopoly power and unemployment. Privatising state owned industries can lead to substantial efficiency savings. Politicians don’t have the same market discipline of seeking to maximise the use of limited resources. Government intervention causes more problems than it solves. There is no real model of a society run in the absence of government intervention. Even the most extreme libertarian economists would accept there needs to be some state protection of property rights and spending on national defence. The debate comes on the extent of government intervention.

Equity meaning people really are employed on merit and that public policy really does provide the choices and opportunities for its citizenry as it is ultimately meant to do, equity ensuring that public policy is effective. The development of regional universities begun by the Dawkins reforms, by contrast, appears to have opened up the possibility of university to a much broader socioeconomic range of students. The HECS scheme, heralded as a fair way of enabling students to pay for their own education, has not always worked that way, especially for women who leave the workforce to raise children and can end up taking their HECS debt with them to the grave.

Government economic policy, measures by which a government attempts to influence the economy. The national budget generally reflects the economic policy of a government, and it is partly through the budget that the government exercises its three principal methods of establishing control: the allocative function, the stabilization function, and the distributive function. Another demand of privatization is the contracting out of publicly provided services. municipalities have often entrusted activities such as refuse collection, and in some cases even fire service, to private contractors, and European countries are increasingly experimenting with similar schemes. While the objective of privatization is often to increase the efficiency of government activities, its implementation may also have important effects on government revenue.